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SRINAGAR, KASHMIR, INDIA - AUGUST 15: Indian government forces stand guard in the deserted city center, during India's Independence day celebrations on August 15, 2019 in Srinagar, the summer capital of Indian administered Kashmir, India. Indian authorities celebrated its independence day in Kashmir amid restriction. Curfew like restrictions remained in place in Kashmir for the 11th consecutive day after India abrogated 370 and 35A as phone and internet services also remained suspended. Article 35A of the Indian Constitution was an article that empowered the Jammu and Kashmir state's legislature to define “permanent residents” of the state and provided special rights and privileges to those permanent residents. The Jammu and Kashmir State Subject Law which defined permanent residents of the state and prevented non-locals from buying or owning property in the state. Prior to 1947, Jammu and Kashmir was a princely state under the British Paramountcy. It was added to the Constitution through a Presidential Order. The Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 1954 - issued by the President of India on 14 May 1954 in accordance with the Article 370 of the Indian Constitution, and with the concurrence of the Government of the State of Jammu and Kashmir. The parliament of India abrogated Article 370 and 35A in the beginning of this month. Kashmir has been a state under siege, with both India and Pakistan laying claim to it. Human rights organizations say more than 80,000 have died in the two decade long conflict with the Indian government claiming the number as 42,000. (Photo by Yawar Nazir/ Getty Images)

ANALYSIS: How Can Pakistan Capture the Defense Training Market?

ANALYSIS: How Can Pakistan Capture the Defense Training Market?

Defense Training Market

What is the Defence Training Market?

The Defense Training Market consists of Modelling technologies and Digital/Virtual simulation environment training of soldiers and officers of the Air Force, Navy, and Ground forces. Private companies around the Globe are employing multiple tools and custom-built software to supply to the armed forces. Market leaders in this industry include Northrop Grumman and Lockheed Martin from the United States, Thales Group from France, and Rheinmetall AG from Germany. As per Allied Market Research, the Virtual Training and simulation market size were 204.41 billion dollars in 2019. An estimated projection reached 601.85 billion dollars by 2027, therefore depicting a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 13.7 per cent between the mentioned years.


Why is Simulation Training Better Than Conventional Training?

Simulation Training has been proven to reduce the cost, time, and effort of transporting the soldiers to the training field environment, equipping them with the gear and maintenance of the used equipment such as the targets, weapons, machinery. Above all, it is safer for the operator(s), instructor(s), environment, and the observer(s) as well because if any unintended damage occurs, then it will be digital instead of actual. Simulation of airborne training exercises helps pilots train for dangerous situations such as engine, brake, hydraulic failure, wind shears and microbursts, and climate change. Different training systems for the navy include Weapon System Trainers (WST), Ship Control Simulators (SCS), Submarine Command Team Trainers (SCTT), sonar, electronic warfare, and radar system, trainers.

Naval training simulation systems aim to direct ships, submarines, and maritime aircraft to communicate effectively during training exercises. Ground simulators have been the most in-demand in recent years, especially in military combined arms applications, which integrate different combat arms such as the artillery, cavalry, or infantry of the military to achieve a mutually complementary objective. The different ground simulation trainers include artillery forwards observation trainers, air defense trainers, tanks, armored vehicles, and truck driving simulators.


How Can Pakistan Be the Leader in this Market?

Pakistan spends its largest share of the annual national budget on the armed forces that was 18.5 percent in 2018. This is much larger than the one allocated to the healthcare and education sector. The country needs to develop simulation technologies to save big on procuring defense technologies from international vendors and create its own indigenous market, which will boost employment alongside the defense capabilities of Pakistan. Islamabad needs to take this imperative step as all the global militaries in collaboration with the private defense industry are doing it now amid cuts in the defense budget. Pakistan now has a digital-friendly government that facilitates and encourages digital entrepreneurship that can be used to launch multiple simulations or Virtual reality-based startups.

The assistance of educational Research and Development (R&D) institutes such as the Research Centre for Modelling and Simulation (RCMS) in NUST, which was established in 2007, can be utilized to research and develop simulators. RCMS has the fastest supercomputer in Pakistan, with a speed of 800 TeraFLOPS. As games are user-friendly, it is easy to install and run on any device. Moreover, solo game developers or companies can be brought on board to create realistic games with real-life scenarios for militaries. Pakistan can have an additional advantage by creating simulation training technologies for its indigenous defense products such as the Joint Fighter (JF)-17 thunder, Mushshak, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV’s) Burraq and Shahpar, main battle tanks like Al-Khalid and Al-Zarrar. All concerned government departments, regulatory bodies, and defense industry leaders must be brought on board for this purpose.


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